M. Müller, M. Kaiser, G.M. Stachowski, N. Gaponik, U. Resch-Genger, A. Eychmüller
Chem. Mater., 2014, 26 (10), pp 3231–3237
Published April 2014
Link to publication: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/cm5009043
The incorporation of colloidal quantum dots (QDs) into solid matrices, especially ionic salts, holds several advantages for industrial applications. Here, we demonstrated via absolute measurements of photoluminescence quantum yields (PL-QY) that the photoluminescence of aqueous CdTe QDs can be considerably increased upon incorporation into a salt matrix with a simple crystallization procedure. Enhancement factors of up to 2.8 and a PL-QY of 50 to 80%, both in NaCl crystals and incorporated in silicone matrices, were reached. The fact that the achievable PL enhancement factors depend strongly on PL-QY of the parent QDs can be described by the change of the dielectric surrounding and the passivation of the QD surface, modifying radiative and nonradiative rate constants. Time-resolved PL measurements revealed noncorrelating PL lifetimes and PL-QY, suggesting that weakly emissive QDs of the ensemble are more affected by the enhancement mechanism, thereby influencing PL-QY and PL lifetime in a different manner.